Language is a complex and nuanced system, and one of the key components that holds it all together is the humble conjunction. Conjunctions play a vital role in connecting words, phrases, and clauses, helping to create coherent and meaningful sentences. In this article, we’ll explore what conjunctions are, their types, and how they contribute to effective communication.
A conjunction is a part of speech that serves as a connector or link between words, phrases, or clauses in a sentence. Essentially, they function as the glue that holds sentences together, allowing us to express ideas, relationships, and sequences in a clear and structured manner. Conjunctions help to establish logical connections, enabling us to convey our thoughts effectively.
- Ali and John went for a walk.
- Awake, arise, or forever be fallen.
- All may oppose me, yet I will fight.
- Our oldest friend is present as well as others.
- The Question was difficult as well as long.
- We were not only punished but also fined.
- She is silent while you are talking. Either sleep or walk.
- All the words above in italics are conjunctions (for example, and, yet, as well as, etc.)
And, but, for, nor, yet, or, so are called coordinating conjunctions.
- These connect two or more independent clauses or sentence parts.
- Rashid and Arshad are friends now, but they were not last year.
‘And‘ connects the two nouns or subjects, Rashid, and Arshad. ‘But’ connects the first clause with the second clause, “They were not last year.”
- They travel to Gujranwala, and then to Gujrat.
The two prepositional phrases to Gujranwala, to Gujrat, are connected by the coordinating conjunction “and.”
These function as a set. They are like coordinating conjunctions as they connect words in the same situation in a sentence.
They are: (1) either…..or, (2) neither…..nor, (3) both…and, (4) whether……or, (5) not only…… but (also).
- They would like to stay either with Ali or with Hameed.
- Either connects Ali and Hameed.
Not only, but (also) connect two clauses.
Subordinating conjunctions are used to connect a dependent clause (subordinate clause) to an independent clause (main clause), creating complex sentences. These conjunctions show the relationship between the two clauses, often indicating time, cause, or condition.
- Because it was raining, I stayed home.
- After I finish work, I will go to the gym.
The following is a list of some commonly used subordinating conjunctions.
After, while, as long as, as soon as, before, since, until, when, whenever, as.
As, as if, as though
Because in that
Although, if, as long as, even if, unless.
In order that, so that, that.
Although not always considered conjunctions, conjunctive adverbs like however, therefore, consequently, and furthermore, are used to connect independent clauses. They often signal a shift in thought, cause-and-effect relationships, or contrast.
- I wanted to go to the party; however, I had too much work to do.
- She studied hard; consequently, she aced the exam.
Interjections, while not traditional conjunctions are worth mentioning. They are short, expressive words or phrases used to convey strong emotions and are often used to add emphasis to a sentence.
- Wow, that was an amazing performance!
- Ouch, that hurt!
List of Conjunction Words
- As if
- In fact
- As long as
- In order that
- As much as
- In order to
- As a result
- In as much as
- So that
- As soon as
- If when
- Rather than
- As though
- Even though
- Where if
- For example
- Now since
- Just as
- By the time
- Even if
- In addition
- As far as
- In case
- Now that
- Now when
- Or not
- Provide that
- After all
- If only
- If then