Parts of speech in English


Definition of Parts of Speech

Every word used in a sentence occupied a position and fulfills a function. The words in a sentence are, therefore, divided into clauses, called parts of speech, according to the function they fulfill.

There are eight parts of speech.


A noun is used to name people, places, objects or ideas.


  • Adnan is an intelligent young
  • Paris is the capital of
  • Honesty is the best
  • The doctor saved the life of the


A pronoun is used in place of a noun.


  • I have built a house.
  • He gave me a nice gift.
  • It is her sixteenth birthday.


An adjective is used to describe or qualify a noun.


  • I have written two chapters of this
  • She is a pretty
  • It is a tall
  • Muhammad Ali was the greatest


A verb is used to describe an action.


Ali went to Karachi

He goes to the office every day.

She will not tell a lie.

I have done my duty.


An adverb is used to qualify a verb by telling us how, why, when, or where the actions take place. It is also used to add to the meaning of an adjective, adverb, a preposition, or conjunction.


He was walking quickly.

I am going now.

He is a brilliant young lady.

He singled the moment he saw the car.

The concert was held at the Bukhari Auditorium.

He ran very fast.

Note: There are three kinds of adverbs.

  • Adverbs of Manner
  • Adverb of Place
  • Adverb of Time

In a sentence, they are normally used in the order given above.

Note: When a sentence has a verb of movement, the adverb of place comes immediately after the verb. Example: He went to Hawaii by Air yesterday.


A preposition is used to show the relation of one thing to another. It is a word placed before a noun or a pronoun to show in what relation the person or thing denoted by it stands in relation to something else.


We went about the world.

We take tea in the afternoon.

She sent the parcel by post.

The Eaglets won with ease.

It is a book of great value.

For one enemy he has a hundred friends.

From what I know of him, I hesitate to trust him.


A conjunction is used to join single words or groups of words to one another.


He could not jump the wall, though he tried again and again.

(Conjunction: though, and)

He squandered all his wealth after the death of his father.

(Conjunction: after)

He and his family left for Murree yesterday.

 (Connection: and)

Note: And, but, or, nor, because, since, till, until, after, for, though all are conjunction.


An interjection is used to express some sudden rush of feeling or excitement.


Bravo my son, you have done an excellent job of work.

Alas! we have lost the match.

NOTE: words perform various functions in a sentence. When one word is performing one function, it is one part of speech; when it is doing another, it is another part of speech.

Parts of Speech in English Table

Parts of Speech



Nouna thing or a personTable, chair, pencil, ratThis is a chair.
Pronounit can replace a nounI, they, you, he, she, itI am an intelligent boy.
Adverbenhances a verb, adjective, or adverbHappily, sadly, badlyHe was killed badly.
Adjectivedescribes a nounGood, enough, efficientHe is fat.
Prepositioncan link a noun to wordAt, in of, under, afterThe cat is under the table.
Conjunctionuse to join two clauses or sentencesNot, nor, but, yetShe usually eats at home, because she likes cooking.
Interjectionused in exclamatory sentencesalas, hurrah, yeahAlas! You fail.
verban actionEat, drink, killWhat are you doing?

Parts of Speech Video Lesson

PARTS OF SPEECH function table

parts of speech in English Pdf

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