Types of Conditional Sentences in English Grammar – Conditional Sentence Structure

Types of Conditional Sentences in English Grammar!

Conditional Sentence Definition

A conditional sentence is often made up of two parts, that is, the if-part and the main part.

Examples

    • If you come, we shall welcome you.

“If you come” is the if-part and “we shall welcome you” is the main part.

    • If you come, we shall welcome you.
    • We shall welcome you if you come.
Types of Conditional Sentences in English Grammar
Types of Conditional Sentences in English Grammar

Types of Conditional Sentences

Zero Conditional sentences

Structure: If + present simple, …. present simple.

Examples

    • If people eat too much, they get fat.
    • If you touch a fire, you get burned.
    • People die if they don’t eat.
    • You get water if you mix hydrogen and oxygen.
    • Snakes bite if they are scared.
    • If babies are hungry, they cry.

1st Conditional sentences

Structure: If + Present Simple and will + Infinitive

Examples

    • If it rains, I won’t go to the park.
    • If I study today, I’ll go to the party tonight.
    • If I have enough money, I’ll buy some new shoes.
    • She’ll be late if the train is
    • She’ll miss the bus if she doesn’t leave
    • If I see her, I’ll tell
    • I will stay home if it rains tomorrow.
    • I will be sad if my football team loses the match.
Types of Conditional Sentences in English Grammar
Types of Conditional Sentences in English Grammar

2nd Conditional sentences

Structure: If + Past Simple and Would + Infinitives

Examples:

    • If it rained, you would get wet.
    • You would get wet if it rained.
    • If you went to bed earlier you wouldn’t be so tired.
    • You wouldn’t be so tired if you went to bed earlier.
    • If she fell, she would hurt herself.
    • She would hurt herself if she fell.
Types of Conditional Sentences in English Grammar
Types of Conditional Sentences in English Grammar

3rd Conditional Sentences

Structure: if + past perfect and would + have + past participle

Examples

  • If she had studied, she would have passed the exam (but, really we know she didn’t study and so she didn’t pass)
  • If I hadn’t eaten so much, I wouldn’t have felt sick (but I did eat a lot, and so I did feel sick).
  • If we had taken a taxi, we wouldn’t have missed the plane
  • She wouldn’t have been tired if she had gone to bed earlier
  • She would have become a teacher if she had gone to university
  • He would have been on time for the interview if he had left the house at nine

 

Types of Conditional Sentences in English Grammar
Types of Conditional Sentences in English Grammar

Degree of Adjectives Sentences Table

Positive degree Comparative degree Superlative degree
This path is long. This path is longer than that. This path is longest of all the paths.
My shop is big. My shop is bigger than yours. My house is the biggest house in the town.
Her brother is tall. Her brother is taller than my brother. Her brother is tallest boy in our school.
My bag is heavy. My bag is heavier than yours. My bag is heaviest of all four.
This is a small box. This box is smaller than yours. My bag is heaviest of all three.

Mixed Conditional Sentences

  • If she comes, we shall go with her.
  • If she comes, shall we go with her?
  • If you read this book, you will pass the explanation.
  • If they went there, they would be in trouble.
  • They would be in trouble if they went there.
  • Would they be in trouble if they went there?
  • If we met, we should talk.
  • If you had called him, he would have come.
  • Had you called him, he would have come.
  • Would he have come if you had called him?
  • If we had gone there, could we not have met them?
  • If she had been busy, we could not have met her.
  • My friend might have bought that diamond ring if he had been a multimillionaire.
  • It is possible my friend would have bought the diamond ring if ……
  • If we had traveled to Kuwait by plane, we would have reached there early
  • If we had traveled to Kuwait by ship, we would have reached there quite late.
  • If we had been greeted by our neighbors, we would have answered them with great joy.
  • The students might have been promoted if they had passed two of their subjects.
  • I must have been in a hurry if I had been with you.
  • If you are told about this secret, you will be surprised.
  • If I were in your place, I could pass.
  • If I had been in your place, I would have passed.
  • If I had met him, I must have talked to him.
  • If they had a TV, they could have seen this news.
  • If I had been with you, you could have been saved from your enemies. (Preposition. “with” used)
  • Would he have come if you had called him?
  • If you had called him, would he have come?
  • If we had gone there, could we not have met them?
  • If I were in your place, could I do this?
  • Could have had a talk with her if I had met her?
  • If the Pak-India war had continued in 1965, could Kashmir have been annexed (joined) to Pakistan?
  • If she had been invited, the party would have been more colorful.
  • Our society would have been better if the leaders had been wise.
  • wouldn’t the party have been more colorful if she had been invited to the party?
  • If Ali had won the match, he would have been given a Prize. (….would he have been given a prize?)
  • One thing depending on another use of “unless.”
  • I shall not pass unless you teach me.
  • Unless you teach me I shall not pass.
  • She will buy a useless watch unless you stop her.
  • Wish or feeling for the future and past.
  • We wish we could travel around the world.
  • I wish I were in control of the affairs of the country.
  • Would that we could travel around the world!
  • It is high time they all started living together.
  • If only our country had enough oil!
  • I wish I had not wasted my time with them.
  • Would that Pakistan had progressed like South Korea after independence!
  • If only Arbs had lived in unity!
  • We wish China were a superpower in the 21 century.
  • We wish china had been a superpower in the 20th (Wish for the past)
conditional sentence
mixed conditional sentence examples
conditional sentence
mixed conditional sentence examples
conditional sentence
mixed conditional sentence examples

 

Conditional Sentences Exercises

  1. If they come we ——–be very happy indeed.
  2. The crop ——— be very fine if it rains.
  3. If she missed these classes she —— is in trouble.
  4. If I —— been present there I ——- have heard the news.
  5. ——— They visited us we —— have welcomed them.
  6. If the teacher ——- busy, we could not —— met her.
  7. If the weather ——- fine, we could ——- started on foot.
  8. She would (do) her work if she —– able to do so.
  9. If you ——— in my place, you too ———- in trouble.
  10. If I ———- there I would answer the questions.
  11. Ali could ——- written this essay if she —— gives a chance.
  12. Would I not ——— come if you —— asked me?
  13. Could I solve this problem if I ———– asked?
  14. Could you build a big house if you ———– rich?
  15. Would you not have ——— more satisfied if you ———– poorer?
  16. They would ——— helped him if they —– seen him in trouble.
  17. ——— You buy this book, read it very carefully.
  18. We shall all be in much trouble ——— war break out next week.
  19. You should not ——— buy this worthless watch.
  20. If I had ———— enough knowledge, I would ——– done my papers well.

 

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