Use of Helping Verbs In Sentences

We will look at the topic of  “Use of Helping Verbs In Sentences” in this lesson. The importance of helping verbs cannot be overstated because they are required for the creation of a sentence structure. The helping verb elaborates the meaning of the main verb in a sentence. Helping verbs are also very helpful for the creation of interrogative sentences. Helping verbs can also be used to convey a variety of situations in more detail.

Learn our Auxilary helping verb notes: Auxilary verb

Use of Helping Verbs In Sentences

Use of introductory subject ‘it’

‘It’ is used as a subject of a verb e.g.

  • It snows on the mountains.

‘It’ is used as the subject when we are talking about time, data, distance, weather, and season. e.g.

  • It is 4 o’clock now. (time)
  • It is the 20th of December today. (date)
  • It is two miles from the school. (distance)
  • It is very fine today. (Weather)
  • It is spring. (Season)

It’ is used to represent an animal, a baby, and a noun in the neuter gender.  E.g.

  • It will be a cute baby.
  • It is a beautiful cat.
  • It is a useful book.

‘It’ is used to emphasize any part of a sentence. e.g.

  • It is a moral duty to respect elders.

Affirmative Sentence

  1. ‘It’ is used as the subject at the beginning of a sentence.
  2. Then ‘is or was’ is used.
  3. Lastly, we translate the object and put a full stop (.) At the end of the sentence.

Examples:

  • It was raining.
  • It is 3 o’clock.
  • It is hot today.
  • It was a sweet baby.
  • It is a laptop.

Negative sentence

  1. First of all, place ‘It’ at the beginning of the sentence.
  2. Then insert ‘is or was’.
  3. Put ‘not’ after the use of ‘is or was’
  4. Write an object and put a full stop (.) at the end of the sentence.

Examples:

  • It is not pleasant today.
  • It is not the 10th of march today.
  • It is not
  • It is not a cat.
  • It is not a table.

Interrogative Sentences

  1. We put ‘Is’ or ‘was’ at the beginning of a sentence before ‘It’.
  2. We write object and put the sign of interrogation (?) at the end of that sentence.

Examples:

  • Is it evening?
  • Is it 4 o’clock?
  • Is it spring?
  • Was it a useful animal?
  • Was it hailing outside?

Use of Helping Verbs In Sentences Infographic – 1

Use of Helping Verbs In Sentences

Use of introductory subject ‘There’

We use ‘There’ to express the presence or absence of something.

  • There are five students in the classroom.
  • There is no milk in the cup.

There’ is also used to point towards things at a distance.

  • Jan is sitting

Affirmative Sentence

  1. First of all, we write ‘There’ at the beginning of the sentence.
  2. Then we write ‘is’ or ‘was’ for the singular noun and ‘are’ or ‘were’ for the plural noun.
  3. Lastly, we translate the object and put a full stop (.) at the end of the sentence.

Examples:

There is a cat under the tree.

There are flowers in the vase.

There was a lion in the zoo.

There were birds in the nest.

Negative sentence

We put ‘no’ or ‘not’ after the use of ’is’, ‘are’, ‘was’ or ‘were’ to make the sentence negative.

Examples:

  • There is no honey in the hive.
  • There are no colorful fish in this pond.
  • There was not any player in the playground.
  • There were no stars in the sky.

Interrogative sentences

We write ‘is’, ‘are’, ‘was’ or ‘were’ at the beginning of the sentence and put the question mark (?) at the end of the sentence to make it interrogative.

Examples:

  • Is there a bird in the nest?
  • Are there twenty students in the class?
  • Was there water in the jug?
  • Were there many people in the park?

Use of Helping Verbs In Sentences Infographic – 2

use of helping verb

Use of “Is”, “Am” and “Are”

‘is’, ‘am’, and ‘are’, are verbs. They are used in sentences; either as the ‘principal verb’ or as ‘helping verb’. Here they are used as ‘principal verb’.

  • He is a boy.
  • I am a girl.
  • They are

Affirmative sentence

  1. ‘Is’ is used with ‘He’, ‘She’, ‘It’ or singular noun.
  2. ‘Am’ is used with ‘I’
  3. ‘Are’ is used with ‘you’, ‘we’, ‘they’, or plural nouns.

Examples:

  1. I am a student.
  2. You are an honest man.
  3. Jan is a cunning woman.

Negative Sentence

Not is put after ‘is’, ‘am’ or ‘are’ to make the sentence negative.

Examples:

  • I am not a doctor.
  • He is not
  • They are not

Interrogative Sentence

‘is’, ‘am’, or ‘are’ is put at the beginning of the sentence whereas the question mark (?) is put at the end to make it interrogatives.

Examples:

  • Am I intelligent?
  • Are we neighbors?
  • Is it an interesting book?

Use of Helping Verbs In Sentences Infographic – 3

use of is, am, and are

Use of “was” and “were”

‘Was’ and ‘were’ are also used in ‘principal verb’ or as the ‘helping verb’. Here they are used as the ‘principal verb’ in the ‘simple past tense’ e.g.

  • Quaid-e-Azam was an honest man.
  • They were

Affirmative Sentence

  • was’ is used with I, He, She, It, or singular noun.
  • Were is used with we, you, they, or plural noun.

Examples:

  • I was
  • She was a teacher.
  • They were
  • We were

Negative sentence

‘Not’ is put after ‘was’ or ‘were’ in the sentence.

Examples:

  • He was not absent.
  • The shirt was not green.
  • We were not poor.
  • You were not rich.

Interrogative Sentence

We use ‘was’ and ‘were’ at the beginning of the sentence. And put a question mark (?) at the end of the sentence.

Examples

  • Was it a holiday yesterday?
  • Was he busy?
  • Were the trees tall?

Use of Helping Verbs In Sentences Infographic – 3

use of was and were

Use of Has, Have, and Had

Both ‘has’ and ‘have’ point to be the owner of something in the present tense. ‘Had’ is used to show possession or ownership of something in the past tense.

Examples:

I have a laptop.

He has a car.

They had a beautiful house.

Affirmative Sentences

‘Has’ is used with he, she, it, or singular subject.

‘Have’ is used with ‘I’, ‘we’, ‘you’, ‘they’ or plural subject.

‘Had’ is used with all subjects.

Examples:

  • It has four legs.
  • I have long hair.
  • She had a precious watch.

Negative Sentences

Put ‘not’ or ‘no’ after ‘has’, ‘have’ or ‘had’ to make the sentence negative.

Examples:

  • He has no
  • They have not any servant.
  • I had no

Interrogative Sentence

‘Has’, ‘have’ or ‘had’ is placed at the beginning of the sentence to make it interrogative.

Examples:

  • Has the queen a golden crown?
  • Have your headache?
  • Had I a new laptop?

Use of Helping Verbs In Sentences Infographic – 4

use of has have and had

Use of Will, Shall

  • We use ‘will’ to speak over what we suppose will appear in the future.
  • We use ‘will’ to make requests, decisions, offers, promises.
  • To communicate about the future. We can frequently use “will” + infinitive without “to” to consult later events.
  • For making a suggestion or offer withI and ‘We’ use ‘shall’ to answering someone.

Examples:

  • You will have to use your pen. That is mine.
  • Will you close the door, please.
  • We shall encourage them.

Affirmative Sentences

‘Will’ is used with I, we, or singular noun.

‘Shall’ is used with he, she, it, they, and you.

Examples:

  • It will rain yesterday.
  • India will lose this match.
  • We shall eat pizza.

Negative Sentences

Put ‘not’ or ‘no’ after ‘will’ or ‘shall’ to make the sentence negative.

Examples:

We shall not play.

He will not enter the Hall.

Ali will not play.

Interrogative Sentence

‘Will’ or ‘Shall’ is placed at the beginning of the sentence to make it interrogative.

Examples:

Will he come?

Will Jan take care of his cat?

Shall go to America?

Use of Helping Verbs In Sentences Infographic – 5

use of will, shall

 

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