Past Perfect Tense Formula and Examples

What are the past perfect tense formula and examples?

The past perfect tense is a tense that shows an action that was completely done in past before a definite time.

check: Our present perfect tense notes

past perfect Affirmative sentence formula

Subject + had + helping verb + object.

Past Perfect negative sentence formula

Subject + had + not + helping verb + object.

past perfect interrogative sentence formula

Had + subject + helping verb + object?

Past Perfect Affirmative Sentence Formation

  • First of all, translate the subject and put ‘had’ as a helping verb.
  • Then use 3rd form of the verb.
  • Lastly, translate the object and put a full stop (.) at the end.

Past perfect tense formula:

Subject + auxiliary verb

had

+ 3rd form of

verb

+ object
I + had + lost + the pen
It + had + lost + the pen
You + had + lost + the pen
She + had + lost + the pen
Children + had + lost + the pen
We + had + lost + the pen
They + had + lost + the pen
He + had + lost + the pen

Past perfect tense examples:

  • He had shut the door.
  • He had watched the T.V.
  • He had divorced his wife.
  • They had repaired the table.
  • They had lost the match.
  • They had done his duty.
  • They had helped him
  • We had invited him.

Past Perfect Tense Formula and Examples | Image 1

Past perfect tense

Past Perfect negative Sentence Formation

  • Translate the subject.
  • Put helping verb with ‘not’ before the 3rd form of the verb.

past perfect tense formula

Subject + auxiliary verb

had + not

+ 3rd verb form + object
I + had not + lost + the pen
It + had not + lost + the pen
You + had not + lost + the pen
She + had not + lost + the pen
Children + had not + lost + the pen
We + had not + lost + the pen
They + had not + lost + the pen
He + had not + lost + the pen

Past perfect negative sentences

  • He had not sprinkled the water.
  • They had not disturbed the people.
  • He had not controlled the fire.
  • They had not written a letter.

Past Perfect Tense Sentence Structure | Image 2

past perfect tense sentence structure

Past Perfect Interrogative Sentence Formation

  • Translate the subject.
  • Then put the helping verb had before the subject at the start of a sentence.
  • Use 3rd form of verb.

Past perfect tense formula

Auxiliary verb

 had

+ Subject + 3rd form of verb + object
Had + i + lost + the pen
Had + it + lost + the pen
Had + you + lost + the pen
Had + she + lost + the pen
Had + children + lost + the pen
Had + we + lost + the pen
Had + they + lost + the pen
Had + he + lost + the pen

past perfect interrogative sentences

  • Had they milked the cow?
  • Had they bought the cow?
  • Had he dismissed him?
  • Had they arrested him?

Past Perfect Tense Sentence Structure | Image 3

past perfect tense

Past Perfect Tense Examples

Download Past Perfect Tense Formula and Examples

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